Hierarchy contributed by the species page author
Hierarchy combined from multiple sources
|Scientific Name||Cullenia exarillata Robyns|
|Synonym||Cullenia excelsa Wt.|
|Malayalam||Mullenpali, Kurunguplavu, Vediplavu, Vediplavu., Alanki, Karayni, Mullenchankka|
|Others||Vediplavu, Kurunguplavu, Wild Durian Or Karayani, Karayni, Vedippala, Mullenpali, Malai Konjil, Mullenchankka, Yanai pala|
|Tamil||Karanai, Karayini, Malai Kongi, Polavu, Karavi, Vedupla, Aini Pla, Velupla., Vedipila|
Flowering class: Dicot
Habit: Tall buttressed Tree
Large evergreen trees, buttressed, up to 40 m tall.
Bark greyish white smooth when young later flaky.
Young branchlets covered by golden brown peltate scales.
Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; petiole terete, peltate scales, 1.5 cm long; lamina 7.5-16 (-25.5) x 2.7-6.2 (-7.6) cm, narrow oblong or oblong-lanceolate, apex slightly acuminate, base rounded-retuse, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous and smooth above, lower surface covered by peltate scales; midrib canaliculate above; secondary and tertiary nerves obscure.
Flowers covered by golden brown scales, clustered on older branches.
Capsule, echinate, globose, to 12.7 cm across, 5-valved; seeds brown, many.
Evergreen trees, to 40 m high; bole straight, buttressed; bark 10-15 mm thick, grey mottled with white, smooth; outer bark 1-2 mm thick, dead; blaze pink; branches horizontal; older branches furnished with large tubercles; young branchlets and underside of leaves densely covered with peltate scales. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, estipulate; petiole 13-25 mm, stout, lepidote, grooved above; lamina 7.5-16 x 2.5-6 cm, elliptic, oblong, oblong-lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate; base rounded or obtuse; apex acute or acuminate; margin entire, coriaceous, dark green and shiny above, covered with orange peltate scales beneath; lateral nerves many, parallel, slender, obscure, lepidote beneath, midrib raised beneath; secondary lateral present; intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, 3-3.5 cm long, brownish-yellow, densely clustered on tubercles on old branches; pedicel 2-3 cm long; epicalyx tubular, 1-1.5 cm long, campanulate, 4-5 lobed at apex, densely lepidote outside, whitish puberulus inside; calyx tube 3-3.5 cm long, 5 lobed at apex, densely lepidote outside; corolla absent; staminal tube 3-5 cm long, 5 lobed at apex with many stamens along the margin; anthers globose, circum sessile; ovary pentangular, superior, syncarpous, densely lepidote, 5 locular; ovules 2 in each locule; style woody, with prominent scales at base; stigma capitate, densely papillose. Fruit a capsule, 12-20 cm across, almost globose with acute tip, spiny, 5 valved; seeds 2 in each locule, 4-4.5 x 2-2.5 cm dark brown, shining.
Flowering and fruiting: January-November
Common canopy trees in medium elevation wet evergreen forests between 600-1400 m.
Notes: Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Endemic to Southern Western Ghats
Endemic to the Western Ghats- all along South Sahyadri and up to Wayanad in Central Sahyadri.
Southern Western Ghats
State - Kerala, District/s: Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
Kerala: Idukki, Kannur, Kollam, Malappuram, Palakkad, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wynad
Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Southern Western Ghats